J.R.R. Tolkien wrote an awful lot about Middle-earth, and it's often hard to know what to read next or even where to start. This list gives my suggestions for the best order in which to read the books. However, as everyone likes different things when they read, this page will let you customize a booklist that fits your own tastes. It may not turn out to be perfect for you, but it should give you an idea of where to start.

Customize Your List

For the very hasty only: try the
or the annotated list in 

(Step 1 / 4)

The first thing to specify is how detailed you would like the list to be. Depending on this setting, you can see anything from titles only to detailed notes on what parts of each book you are likely to enjoy most (and least).

Should the list include:

(Step 2 / 4)

Some people treat some of Tolkien's writings about Middle-earth as more "canonical" (trustworthy) than others. How should your list handle this?

Do you want your list to include notes on how "canonical" each book is?

(Step 3 / 4)

The most important differences between Tolkien's writings about Middle-earth are their general styles. Select the choice that most closely describes your feelings about each type of writing below. Examples of each style come from The Lord of the Rings and its appendices. The abbreviations for the four attitude choices mean:

L: I really love this style of writing          T: I can tolerate this style of writing
E: I enjoy this style of writing          H: I really hate this style of writing
L E T H How do you feel about...
Children's stories (The Hobbit)
Narrative stories (App. A.I.v: Aragorn and Arwen, LotR itself)
Histories (Most of App. A)
Historical Outlines (App. B: The Tale of Years)
Detailed essays (Apps. F, D, and E)
Early drafts and textual history
Light poetry (Sam's Rhyme of the Troll, Oliphant)
Epic poetry (Beren and Luthien, Earendil was a Mariner)

Would you also like to list interests in specific topics? (If in doubt, say no! These options have not been carefully tuned or tested.)

[More options will be shown here if you say yes and press "submit".]

(Step 4 / 4)

Finally, for a few "influential" books you can specify if you have already read them or decided to skip them. (The list will still show where each book would go, but it can affect other priorities.) The abbreviations below answer the question "Have you read this book?" as follows:

N: Not yet; I'll read it in list order
Y: Yes, I've already read this one
S: I plan to skip all or most of it
N Y S Have you already read...
The Hobbit
The Silmarillion
The Book of Lost Tales (2 vols)
The Lays of Beleriand
The Shaping of Middle-earth
The Lost Road
The History of LotR (3 1/3 vols.)
Sauron Defeated
Morgoth's Ring and The War of the Jewels


Recommended Reading Order for Books about Middle-earth

(Will not reflect choices above until they are submitted.)

Books in the "History of Middle-earth" series are labeled by series order: [HoMe N] is the Nth book in the series.

Keep in mind that the suggestions that follow for parts to look forward to and parts you may want to avoid are just educated guesses; don't read too much into the exact order in which they are listed. Positive recommendations are ranked from best to worst; negative ones from worst to best.

  1. The Hobbit: A wonderful story, and an important introduction to Middle-earth.
  2. The Lord of the Rings ("LotR") (often published in three volumes: The Fellowship of the Ring, The Two Towers, and The Return of the King): Most find ths to be the best of Tolkien's writings about Middle-earth. It captures all the beauty and excitement and sorrow and glory of classic epic tales while casting them into a truly original form, and describes its world of Middle-earth so vividly that it seems almost real. The book manages to touch on substantial questions of ethics and philosophy seamlessly within the narrative, without discussing them directly or attempting to push some agenda.

    Because the tone of The Lord of the Rings changes substantially over the course of the first ten chapters or so, I generally suggest that people try to finish all of Book I (the first half of The Fellowship of the Ring) before giving up. If you aren't interested by that point, then I'll admit that Tolkien probably isn't right for you (not yet, anyway). As an additional piece of advice, it's probably best to skip the Prologue entirely the first time you read the book, although if you haven't read The Hobbit it would be worth reading Section 4: "Of the Finding of the Ring" (it, like the rest of LotR, contains spoilers for the earlier book).
  3. The Appendices and Prologue of The Lord of the Rings: Listed separately because they are a rather different experience than the main body of LotR. The different types of writing in the various appendices give a reasonably good sampling of what can be found in Tolkien's other books about Middle-earth.
    Parts to look forward to:
    • App. A.I.v: The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen
    • App. A.I-II: Gondor, Arnor, and Rohan
    • App. A.III: Durin's Folk
    • App. F: Languages, Peoples, and "Translation"
    Parts you may want to avoid:
    • App. C: Family Trees
  4. The Children of Hurin: A central tale from the First Age of Middle-earth, long before the era of The Lord of the Rings, it tells the tragedy of the family of a human hero cursed by Morgoth, the first Dark Lord. The book is based primarily on the "Narn I Hin Hurin" published in Unfinished Tales, but Christopher Tolkien has filled the gaps in that version with portions of other writings by his father to produce the only complete narrative story about Middle-earth published after Tolkien's death.

    One aim of this book was to provide a glimpse of the First Age accessible to those who have read The Lord of the Rings but not The Silmarillion. The story itself stands on its own, but readers could easily feel lost among the unfamiliar names and background. The book's 15-page introduction provides very helpful context, but if that seems too long and dry I have written a short introductory "bridge" to help new readers get oriented more easily. There is also a list of names in the back of the book for reference if you find yourself confused.
  5. Unfinished Tales: A collection of stories and histories in various stages of completion that Tolkien never chose to publish while he lived. Many of these are extremely good, and make me wish that Tolkien had managed to bring them to a final form. In addition to the enjoyable stories themselves, this book provides a wealth of information and many tantalizing hints about Middle-earth and its history, both within the tales and in a number of fascinating essays.

    While the first part of this book deals with the First Age and almost requires you to have read The Silmarillion, much of the rest of it (especially the Third Age stories) can be read immediately after The Lord of the Rings. (The independent nature of these stories and essays makes it easy to read them in any order.) Unlike The Silmarillion, it is also a good introduction to the style of the "History of Middle-earth" books, with Tolkien's writing thoroughly annotated by his son Christopher. (It's easy to skip the annotations if you aren't interested.) Note that the story "Narn I Hin Hurin" has been largely superseded by the book The Children of Hurin, though some textual notes in UT remain significant.
    Parts to look forward to:
    • The Quest of Erebor
    • Aldarion and Erendis
    • The Disaster of the Gladden Fields
    • The Hunt for the Ring
    • The Istari [Best enjoyed after reading The Silmarillion; then, ranks above "The Hunt for the Ring".]
    • The Druedain [Best enjoyed after reading The Silmarillion; then, ranks above "The Hunt for the Ring".]
    Parts you may want to avoid:
    • Narn I Hin Hurin [Best enjoyed after reading The Silmarillion; then, ranks above "The Quest of Erebor".]
    • Of Tuor and his Coming to Gondolin [Best enjoyed after reading The Silmarillion; then, ranks above "The Quest of Erebor".]
  6. The Silmarillion: Tolkien's lifework, edited and published posthumously by his son Christopher. Somewhat biblical in style at the beginning (perhaps in part because Tolkien never had the chance to rewrite it in more narrative form), it contains the entire history of Middle-earth from its creation to the end of the Third Age. This is the last book about Middle-earth to have a single, coherent storyline, which makes it essential for a good understanding of the First Age.

    Although most of the events described in The Silmarillion took place thousands of years before the time of The Lord of the Rings, it is almost certainly best to read LotR first, for several reasons. First, LotR is written as a novel, while much of of The Silmarillion reads like a history book. Second, many readers enjoy the glimpses of Middle-earth's history that are mentioned in LotR because they are just glimpses; it's probably good to experience that at least once before you fill in all those gaps. Finally, the last section of The Silmarillion actually includes a plot summary of LotR filled with spoilers.
    Parts to look forward to:
    • QS Ch. 19: Of Beren and Luthien
    • QS Ch. 21: Of Turin Turambar
    • Ainulindale
    • The Quenta Silmarillion in general
    • Akallabeth
    • Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age
    Parts you may want to avoid:
    • Valaquenta
    • Genealogies
    • Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names
  7. The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien (ed. Humphrey Carpenter): While this is not technically a book by Tolkien about Middle-earth, a great many of the letters that it contains discuss various Middle-earth related issues. Their topics include Tolkien's comments and speculation while writing his stories, the publication process, details about Middle-earth not covered in the other books, and speculation on the deeper issues raised by the tales. (There are also quite a few letters that deal primarily with Tolkien's personal life and beliefs, which are interesting in their own right.)
  8. The Book of Lost Tales, Parts I-II (HoMe I-II): These books contain Tolkien's earliest writings about Middle-earth and its history, and they include some incredibly vivid and beautiful stories and scenes. The tales themselves are told in the context of a framing story about an early English sailor who stumbles upon Tol Eressea. Be warned that it can be quite difficult to follow these tales, as they differ substantially in detail and in general from the corresponding stories in The Silmarillion and The Lord of the Rings and they are often not in finished form. Only Christopher Tolkien's commentary on the stories assmues knowledge of The Silmarillion; for the stories themselves, having read that book can make this one at once more and less confusing.
    Parts to look forward to:
    • II: The Fall of Gondolin
    • II: The Tale of Tinuviel
    • II: Turambar and the Foaloke
    Parts you may want to avoid:
    • I and II: Appendices on Names
  9. Morgoth's Ring and The War of the Jewels (HoMe X-XI) ("The Later Silmarillion"): These books contain Tolkien's latest work on the Silmarillion, including the texts from which the published version was primarily compiled. They also include a number of fascinating essays, showing entirely new directions that Tolkien was considering taking the mythology and shedding light on many details of Middle-earth and its history. Despite this, the books would be very hard to follow on their own: reading The Silmarillion first is all but essential.
    Parts to look forward to:
    • XI: The Wanderings of Hurin
    • X: Athrabeth Finrod Ah Andreth
    • X,XI: The Later Quenta Silmarillion
    • X: Myths Transformed
  10. "Osanwe-kenta: `Enquiry into the Communication of Thought'" (Published in the Tolkien linguistics journal Vinyar Tengwar #39 (July 1998), available in "The Collected Vinyar Tengwar Vol. 4" Elvish Linguistic Fellowship website): A truly remarkable essay (associated with "Quendi and Eldar" in The War of the Jewels), discussing the "telepathy" possessed by all "incarnates" in Middle-earth, ways in which the Ainur could become "bound" to their physical forms, and the moral decisions of Manwe regarding Melkor. (This issue of Vinyar Tengwar also contains a passage omitted from App. D of "Quendi and Eldar" as published, of primarily linguistic interest.)
  11. Sauron Defeated (HoMe IX): The first third of this book is "The End of the Third Age", the conclusion of "The History of The Lord of the Rings" subseries, including the unpublished epilogue to LotR. (Note that this is also mentioned under the entry for that subseries as a whole.) The final two thirds consists of early writings related to Numenor. "The Notion Club Papers" is an abandoned but substantial draft of a fascinating "dream-based time-travel" story connecting members of a discussion group in the present day (based loosely on the Inklings, a group including Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, and others) to their ancestors in Numenor. "The Drowning of Anadûnê" is more or less a retelling of the Downfall of Numenor from the perspective of humans many years later when they had forgotten the nature of the Elves and the details of their history. It's an amazingly different perspective (some of which survived into the "Akallabeth" in the published Simlarillion.
    Parts to look forward to:
    • The Notion Club Papers
    • The Epilogue (of LotR)
    • The Drowning of Anadune
    • Lowdham's Report on the Adunaic Language
    Parts you may want to avoid:
    • The End of the Third Age
  12. The Lays of Beleriand (HoMe III): The existing fragments of Tolkien's poetic versions of the stories in The Silmarillion, which can be beautiful and powerful in some places and wearying in others. Those reading this book before The Book of Lost Tales should be prepared for substantial confusion at first: most of these poems were written when the mythology was very different than the version in The Silmarillion, and both the poems and the commentary may be difficult to understand without being familiar with both of those books.
  13. The Peoples of Middle-earth (HoMe XII): This book is divided into three main parts. The first is a history of the writing of the Appendices and Prologue of The Lord of the Rings. The second is a collection of significant essays written late in Tolkien's life. The final section contains the abandoned beginnings of two stories, one about a man in Second Age Middle-earth who meets the returning Numenorians and the other a sequel to LotR itself.
    Parts to look forward to:
    • Of Dwarves and Men
    • The Shibboleth of Feanor
    • Last Writings
    • The New Shadow
    Parts you may want to avoid:
    • The History of the Akallabeth
    • General History of the Prologue and Appendices to LotR
    • [Writing of] The Appendix on Languages
  14. Pictures by J.R.R. Tolkien and J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist and Illustrator (the latter edited by Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull): I have not actually seen the first of these, which I believe is very much what the title proclaims it to be: a collection of Tolkien's drawings. The second is also a collection of his pictures, but with a fair bit of commentary about the drawings' history and style. Many, but not all, of the pictures are related to Middle-earth.
  15. The Lost Road (HoMe V): This book contains a very broad range of content: the earliest versions of the tale of the Fall of Numenor (including early work on a "time travel" story based on that theme), the state of the mythology at the time that LotR was begun, and the Etymologies which are of great value to those interested in the Elvish languages.
    Parts to look forward to:
    • The Lost Road
    • Etymologies
    • The Lhammas
    Parts you may want to avoid:
    • The Later Annals of Valinor and Beleriand
    • Quenta Silmarillion
    • The Second 'Silmarillion' Map
  16. "On Fairy Stories", published in Tree and Leaf (Often most easily found as part of The Tolkien Reader (USA), which also contains "The Adventures of Tom Bombadil", or The Monsters and the Critics and Other Essays (Commonwealth), both of which also contain a number of Tolkien's writings not related to Middle-earth.): Technically, this essay has absolutely nothing to do with Middle-earth at all; those only looking for Tolkien's fiction can skip it entirely. It is a fascinating but (mostly) academic discussion of the form and purpose of fantasy, and those seeking storytelling should look elsewhere. However, in one section of it Tolkien makes numerous references to "elves" and the Art that they create: for example, "To the elvish craft, Enchantment, Fantasy aspires." In the essay, he does not treat the elves as "real", but nevertheless it seems that his comments on elves here do apply to the elves of Middle-earth.
  17. The Road Goes Ever On (music by Donald Swann): A collection of poems and songs from Tolkien's writings set to music. Almost all of the poetry is all available in other books (primarily The Lord of the Rings), and the music is mostly Swann's work without substantial input from Tolkien himself (Tolkien did approve of the music, however, and he suggested the theme for the Namarie). However, Tolkien contributed substantially to the book, providing direct translations of the songs in Elvish languages and even some "story-internal" historical notes. The second edition of this book (1978) incorporated the short poem "Bilbo's Last Song", which is now also available as a small book illustrated by Pauline Baynes.
  18. The Adventures of Tom Bombadil (Often most easily found as part of The Tolkien Reader (USA) or Tales from the Perilous Realm (Commonwealth), which both also contain quite a few of Tolkien's writings not related to Middle-earth.): A collection of poems, supposedly traditional Hobbit verses from the Red Book, together with a preface relating their history in the Shire. Many of these poems existed before The Lord of the Rings was written and were only later revised and brought into the mythology (indeed, the first poem about Bombadil was part of the inspiration for his character in LotR rather than the reverse).
    Parts to look forward to:
    • Preface
    Parts you may want to avoid:
    • Other Poems (3-16)
    • Bombadil Poems (1-2)
  19. "Guide to Names in The Lord of the Rings" (First published in A Tolkien Compass, ed. Jared Lobdell. Recent reprints of that book omit the Guide, but it is now available as part of The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion by Wayne Hammond and Christina Scull.): A document that Tolkien wrote to assist those translating The Lord of the Rings into other languages. It explains the source or meaning of many of the names in the book, and includes a few pieces of non-linguistic information about Middle-earth as well.
  20. Tolkien: The Authorized Biography (by Humphrey Carpenter): As might be expected, this book does not deal directly with Middle-earth. However, it contains a great deal of information on Tolkien himself, which can in turn shed light on Middle-earth (and give more insight into the textual history in HoMe).
  21. The History of The Lord of the Rings (HoMe VI-IX) (usually published in four volumes: The Return of the Shadow, The Treason of Isengard, The War of the Ring, and either the first third of Sauron Defeated (listed elsewhere) or the separate volume The End of the Third Age): These books track the development of LotR through many drafts from its origins to its final form. Watch as Trotter the hobbit turns into Strider the human, as an adventure to replenish the dwindling Baggins fortune turns into a quest to save the world, and as dozens of story elements seem to come as even more of a surprise to their author than they do to us. Some of Christopher Tolkien's notes indicate places where the published text seems to have deviated unintentionally from the final drafts. The final book includes the unpublished Epilogue to LotR. (Note that this is also mentioned separately under Sauron Defeated.)
  22. The Shaping of Middle-earth (HoMe IV): The earliest development of Middle-earth as a world in its own right. In addition to the earliest sketches of what would become the Silmarillion, this book contains some of Tolkien's earliest maps of Arda, including his only hints at extrapolation beyond the area shown on the usual maps of LotR (make sure you find a copy that includes them! Some paperback editions leave them out).
    Parts you may want to avoid:
    • The Earliest Annals of Valinor and Beleriand
    • The First 'Silmarillion' Map
    • The Earliest Silmarillion

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